|Origin Location||Central Tibet|
|Date Range||1400 - 1499|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
|Collection||Museum of Fine Arts, Boston|
|Catalogue #||acc.# 67.831, Gift of John Goelet|
Appearance: Lay Person
Sonam Tsemo (1142-1182) and Dragpa Gyaltsen (1147-1216): two brothers that were early patriarchs of the Sakya School. This painting belongs to a larger set of paintings depicting the lineage of teachers for the Path together with the Result (S. margapala) teachings of mahasiddha Virupa.
Above the two central figures are three forms of the meditational deity Chakrasamvara. At the left is the deity according to the lineage of Krishnacharya. Note that the consort Vajrayogini has one leg planted on the ground and the other wrapped about the waist of the partner. In the center is the principal form according to the Maha-sambarodaya-tantra. At the right is the deity according to the tradition of Luipa. Note that the consort Vajrayogini has both legs wrapped about the waist of the partner.
Along the top arranged in an orderly register are the lineage teachers for the Chakrasamvara system of initiation and instruction: Vajradhara, Vajrapani, Maha Brahmin Saraha, Acharya Nagarjuna, The Protector Shavari, Luipa, Darikapa, Vajra Ghantapa, Kumarapada, Jalandharapa, Krishnacharya, Guhyapa, Nampar Gyalwai Shap, The Acharya Barmai Lobpon, Tilopa, Naropa, Pamtingpa Kuche Nyi, Lama Lokkya Sherab Tseg, Lama Mal Lotsawa, The Lord of Dharma Sakyapa (Sachen Kunga Nyingpo 1092-1158).
At the bottom right corner is the dark coloured and wrathful religious protector deity Panjarnata Mahakala the special protector of the Sakya Tradition of Tibetan Buddhism.
Each figure is accompanied with a name inscription. At the bottom center is a donor dedication. At both sides beneath the two central figures are four-line verses dedicated to Sonam Tsemo and Dragpa Gyaltsen composed by their great-great nephew Chogyal Pagpa (1235-1280).
"Accomplished from limitless merit,
Greatly increasing omniscient wisdom,
Becoming the supreme kinsman of beings;
To Sonam Tsemo I bow.
Seeing the reality of all dharmas,
Reaching the other side of the ocean of Secret Mantra,
Lord of all Vajra Holders;
To Dragpa Gyaltsen I bow." (Chogyal Pagpa).
(See Virupa and Kanha from the same set: Private Collection).
Jeff Watt 4-2001 [updated December 2005]
Subject: Margapala Sets (Two Figures)
Teacher: Sonam Tsemo Page
Teacher: Sakya (Masterworks)
Subject: Margapala Lineage Masterworks
Painting Set: Margapala  (Ngorchen)
Subject: Ngor Masterworks
Subject: Lineage Composition (Greyscale)
Teacher: Dragpa Gyaltsen (Masterworks)
Teacher: Dragpa Gyaltsen Page
Collection of Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Subject: Margapala Lineage Paintings (Sakya)
Tradition: Sakya Art History
Tradition: Sakya Teachers
Subject: Lay Figure Appearance
Video: Art History (YouTube)
Tradition: Sakya Founders
Teacher: Sonam Tsemo Masterworks
Painting Sets: Teaching Lineages