Himalayan Art Resources

Bibliography: Protector Deities in Himalayan Art (Buddhist)

Specific Subjects Bibliography | Protector Deities Main Page

Videos - Book Reviews:
- Protector Deity Publications: Introduction
- Oracles and Demons of Tibet
- The Guardian Deities of Tibet


General Publications:

Demonic Divine: Himalayan Art and Beyond. Rob Linrothe and Jeff Watt. Serindia Publications/Rubin Museum of Art, October 2004.

Oracles and Demons of Tibet by Rene De Nebesky-Wojkowitz. The Hague (1956). ISBN 81-7303-039-1. (See contents page with links. Book Review Video).

The Guardian Deities of Tibet by Ladrang Kalsang. (First edition 1996). (See contents page with links. Book Review Video).

Deities of Tibetan Buddhism: The Zurich Paintings edited by Martin Brauen, translated by Martin Willson. Wisdom Publications, 2000. (See Rinjung Lhantab Main Page, Outline Page, Mahakala & Protectors, Shri Devi and Miscellaneous Protectors).

Buddhist Iconography: Compact Edition. Lokesh Chandra. International Academy of Indian Culture and Aditya Prakashan, New Delhi. Second reprint, 1999. (Also see: Deities of Tibetan Buddhism. The Zurich Paintings of the Icons Worthwhile to See).

Tibetan Mandalas (Vajravali and Tantra-samuccaya). Raghuvira and Lokesh Chandra. International Academy of Indian Culture. New Delhi, 1995.
Specific Subjects:

Nechung: The Ritual History and Institutionalization of a Tibetan Buddhist Protector Deity. Christopher Paul Bell. Department of Religious Studies. University of Virginia, August 2013. (Download Dissertation. See HAR Gallery Page).

Tales of Intrigue from Tibet's Holy City: The Historical Underpinnings of a Modern Buddhist Crisis. Lindsay G. McCune, Spring 2007. The Florida State University College of Arts and Sciences. (See Pdf Thesis File. See HAR Gallery Page).

Tsiu Marpo, the Career of a Tibetan Protector Deity, (35 MB Pdf file) by Christopher Paul Bell. The Florida State University College of Arts and Sciences. (See HAR Gallery Page).

Tibetan Language Texts:

sGrub tabs kun btus, (Collection of All Methods). Edited by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo and Jamyang Loter Wangpo. Volume 9, 11, 13, 14. Published New Delhi in the early 1970s.

Jeff Watt [updated 8-2018]