Himalayan Art Resources

Subject: Trampled Deities Page

Trampled Deities | Buddhist Iconography Main Page

Subjects, Topics & Types:
- Trampled Deities Explanation (below)
- Yongle Style Main Page
- Confusions
- Others...

Chakrasamvara (trampled underfoot):
- Black Bhairava
- Red Kalaratri

Hevajra (trampled underfoot):
- Brahma
- Indra
- Vishnu
- Shiva

Vajrabhairava (trampled underfoot):
- Shiva
- Vishnu
- Indra
- Brahma
- Kartika
- Chandra
- Surya
- Ganesh

Kalachakra (trampled underfoot):
- Kamadeva
- Rudra
- Rati
- Uma

Bhutadamara Vajrapani (trampled underfoot):
- Bhuta Aparajita

Panjarnata Mahakala (trampled underfoot):
- corpse

Shadbhuja Mahakala (trampled underfoot):
- Vignantaka


Numbers of Trampled Figures:

One Figure (corpse, Vignantaka, Bhuta Aparajita): Amrita Kundalin, Hevajra, Humkara (heruka), Jambhala (black), Kagye Heruka, Kurukulla, Mahakala, Nairatmya, Parnashavari (?), Simhamukha, Vajrapani, Vajravarahi, Yamari, Bhurkumkuta (green),

Two Figures: Amaravajra Devi, Aparajita, Chakrasamvara, Dvajagrakeyura, Hayagriva, Jambhala (red), Kalachakra (heruka), Mahottara, Vajra Vega, Vajrapani, Vajravarahi, Vajrayogini,

Four Figures: Hevajra, Kalachakra, Vighnantaka

Eight Figures: Hayagriva, Mahottara, Vajrabhairava

Multiple Figures: Mahottara, Sitatapatra, Vajrabhairava

In Tantric Buddhist art it is common for semi-wrathful and wrathful deities to stand or trample upon smaller figures. The smaller figures generally represent ego, or the four skandhas of Buddhist philosophy.

Several sculpture, part of a larger work, have recently been identified as likely belonging to a depiction of Vajrabhairava. The semi-prone figures represent Hindu gods that are subjugated or trampled by the standing Vajrabhairava. (See images below).

Jeff Watt 2-2015