Himalayan Art Resources

Arhat/Sthavira: Art History

Arhat/Sthavira Main Page

Subjects, Topics & Types:
- Description (below)
- Masterworks
- List of Figures
- Art Topics Outline
- Graphic Outline
- Resource Page Outline
- Study Guide
- Painting: Traditions & Styles
- Sculpture Examples
- Textile Examples
- Mandala Paintings
- Painting Sets Outline
- Sets, Composition, Medium & Subjects
- Yongle Style
- Regions
- Early Period: 11th to 14th century
- Middle Period: 15th to 17th century
- Late Period: 18th to present
- Confusions
- Others...

- Arhats: 16 or 18
- Arhat Iconography
- Arhat Composition & Sets
- Monastics: Three Visual Types
- Patchwork Robes: Part 1
- Patchwork Robes: Part 2

Confused Terms:
- Arhat
- Sthavira
- Luohan

Reference: Tibetan Religious Art, (2 volumes). Loden Sherab Dagyab. Otto Harrasowitz, Wiesbaden, 1977

Shakyamuni Buddha is the central figure, the first painting or sculpture, for all sets of the Sixteen Great Elders. The full group of elders always has twenty-five figures: the Buddha Shakyamuni, together with the two foremost disciples - Shariputra and Maudgalyayana, the sixteen Elders, the attendant Dharmata, the patron Hvashang and the Four Guardians of the Directions; Vaishravana, Virupaksha, Dhritarashtra and Virudhaka. In all an extensive set of paintings would comprise twenty-three individual paintings. The two foremost disciples are almost always portrayed in the same painted composition with Buddha Shakyamuni. In sculpture sets the total number of pieces is twenty-five. In the Tibetan system there are only sixteen elders.

Database Search: All Images | Painting | Sculpture

Jeff Watt 3-2000 [updated 6-2015, 4-2017, 12-2019]

(The images below are only a selection of examples from the links above).