Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Arhat/Sthavira (Buddhist Elder) - 16 Elders: Chudapantaka

གནས་བརྟན། 罗汉
(item no. 129)
Origin Location Eastern Tibet
Date Range 1400 - 1499
Lineages Uncertain
Size 99.06x57.15cm (39x22.50in)
Material Ground Mineral Pigment, Fine Gold Line on Cotton
Collection Rubin Museum of Art
Catalogue # acc.# c2003.50.3
Painting School Karma Gardri
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Person

Appearance: Arhat

Gender: Male

Interpretation / Description

Chudapantaka, the Elder (Tibetan: ne ten, lam tran ten, Sanskrit: Sthavira Chudapantaka): the 11th elder (sthavira) from the set of Sixteen Great Elders. This composition belongs to a set of twenty-three paintings.

"On Vulture Peak Mountain is the noble elder Chudapantaka, surrounded by 1,600 elders; homage to the One with the two hands placed in meditation." (Sakya liturgical text).

Chudapantaka is typically portrayed with the two hands placed in the mudra (gesture) of meditation and sometimes with a lion or tiger standing nearby. The Sixteen Great Elders are generally painted as a set. The full group would include the Buddha Shakyamuni, the Sixteen Elders, the attendant Dharmatala, the patron Hvashang and the Four Guardians of the Directions - Vaishravana, Virupaksha, Dritarashtra and Virudhaka.

Jeff Watt 9-2000

Secondary Images
Related Items
Exhibition Appearances
Exhibition: RMA Masterworks, January 28th, 2021

Thematic Sets
Arhat/Sthavira: Yongle Style (Lion Element)
Arhat/Sthavira - 16 Elders: Ajita (Masterworks)
Arhat/Sthavira: Chudapantaka Main Page
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Arhat/Sthavira
Collection of RMA: Best of Collection 2
Collection of RMA: Persons Masterworks
Exhibition: Big!
Painting Set: Arhat Set XXXI
Arhat/Sthavira: Chudapantaka Masterworks
Arhat/Sthavira: Art History
Painting Set: Arhats: Single Main Figure
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art (RMA): Main Page
Painting Set: Arhat/Sthavira (Yongle Style Miscellaneous)