Himalayan Art Resources

Buddhist Deity: Ratnasambhava Iconography

Ratnasambhava Main Page

Subjects, Topics & Types:
- Description (below)
- Ratnasambhava (nirmanakaya)
- Ratnasambhava (sambhogakaya)
- Ratnasambhava in a Pureland
- Ratnasambhava (with consort)
- Five Symbolic Buddhas
- Confusions
- Others...

Video: Ratnasambhava Buddha

Charya & Yoga Tantra (secondary figures): Examples
- Ratnasambhava (Tattvasamgraha Tantra)
- Ratnasambhava Mandala 57 Deity (Mitra Yogin Tradition)
- Ratnasambhava (Sarvadurgati Parishodhana Tantra)
- Others...

Anuttarayoga:
- Secondary Figures
- Others...

Nyingma Tradition:
- Five Buddhas
- Peaceful & Wrathful Deities: Examples: HAR #685, 66091, 68884
- Others...

Unique Iconography:
- Buddha or Peaceful (Bodhisattva) Appearance
- Yellow colour (some variations are found)
- Right hand extended in the gesture of generosity
- Horse supported throne

There are two main types of Ratnasambhava:
- Buddha Appearance Ratnasambhava (nirmanakaya)
- Peaceful Appearance Ratnasambhava (sambhogakaya)

"Arising in the southern direction is Ratnasambhava on a horse, lotus and sun throne; with a body yellow in colour the right hand is placed in the mudra of supreme generosity." (Dragpa Gyaltsen, 1147-1216).

"In the middle of a ground of lapis lazuli is a jewelled throne - bestowing numerous attainments. On top is a thousand petalled lotus - unstained by worldly faults. Wisdom and means appear as a sun and moon. Above this, as the essence of all qualities is Ratnasambhava. With a radiant body having the colour of blazing gold, one face, two hands, the right is in supreme generosity -- fulfilling the wishes of beings. Performing meditative stabilization, the left is in the mudra of meditation. Seated with the two feet in vajra posture - method and wisdom, and having the thirty-two marks and eighty examples of excellence. For the purpose of satisfying - well adorned with jewels and beautiful silk garments. Adorning the body are a million light rays issuing and returning; having a voice possessing sixty separate tones and a mind continuum of immeasurable pristine awareness." (Bhikshu Konchog Ozer, 15th century).

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Jeff Watt 9-2005 [updated 8-2013, 6-2017, 2-2020]

(The images below are only a selection of examples from the links above).