- Art History
- Religious Context
- Thirty-two Major Marks
- Shakyamuni & Akshobhya Buddha: A Confusion About the Vajra Scepter
Shakyamuni Buddha (Tibetan: sha kya tu pa, sang gye. English: the Enlightened One, Sage of the Shakya Clan), founder of Buddhism. In Theravadin, or Foundational Buddhism, Shakyamuni is the only Buddha. In Mahayana Buddhism there are many Buddhas mentioned. Some are described in detail with complex narratives and literature while others are only referenced by name.
- Historical Context
- Buddha Appearance
- Artistic Depictions (Regions & Periods)
Sanskrit: Buddha Shakyamuni Tibetan: Sang gye sha kya tu pa
A Buddha, in Buddha Appearance, is known for having thirty-two major and eighty minor distinguishing physical characteristics (marks) based on the Indian cultural description of a Universal Monarch (Chakravartin) - the highest and most developed male form. Only a few of these 112 marks are depicted in art such as the ushnisha on the top of the head, the urnakesha between the eyes, three curved horizontal lines on the neck, and a Dharma Wheel impression on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
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Jeff Watt 9-99 [updated 3-2011, 1-2017, 12-2019, 2-2022]