Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Yama Dharmaraja (Buddhist Protector) - Outer

གཤིན་རྗེ་ཆོས་རྒྱལ། 阎罗法王
(item no. 35117)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1700 - 1799
Lineages Gelug and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection The Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Appearance: Animal-Feature

Gender: Male

Interpretation / Description

Yama Dharmaraja is a Tantric Buddhist - wisdom deity - protector of the Method Class (father) of Anuttaryoga Tantra specifically used by those engaged in the practices of the Vajrabhairava Tantra. This practice is found in all of the Sarma Schools (Sakya, Kagyu, Gelug, etc.) however the Gelugpa Tradition hold Yama Dharmaraja in a special regard as one of their three main religious protectors along with the Shadbhuja Mahakala and Vaishravana.

Yama Dharmaraja Profile: Identity: Manjushri emanation Tantra Class: Anuttarayoga, Method Tantra Source Text: Vajrabhairava Tantra Function/activity: Protector Deity Metaphor: Death

Special Characteristics: Appearance: Wrathful with a Buffalo head Colour: Black/dark blue Attributes: bone stick & lasso Consort: Chamunda Mount: Buffalo

Jeff Watt 5-2015

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Collection of The Ashmolean Museum Main Page (Painting)
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