Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Teacher (Lama) - (multiple figures)

བླ་མ། 喇嘛
(item no. 36488)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1200 - 1299
Lineages Kagyu, Taklung (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Private
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Person

Interpretation / Description

Gangpa Rinchen Ozer and Kuyalwa Rinchen Gonpo.

Seated on the proper right side is Gangpa Rinchen Ozer (1175-1249 [TBRC P1AG4]), wearing monastic attire and in vajra posture. (See short biography below). Seated on the left is Kuyalwa Rinchen Gonpo (1191-1236 [TBRC P1784]), the 2nd throne holder of Taglung Monastery.

Directly above the two central figures is the small form of Tashi Pel (1142-1210), the first throne holder of Taglung Monastery (1180), Central Tibet, the head monastery for the Taglung sub-lineage of the Kagyu Tradition. He has the hands placed in a teaching gesture at the heart, wears monastic attire, and sits in vajra posture. (Read a short biography).

In the top register beginning on the left side are Shakyamuni Buddha, Prajnaparamita, Ratnasambhava, Akshobhya, Vairochana, Amitabha, Amoghasiddhi, Namasangiti Manjushri, and Medicine Buddha.

Descending on the left are a seated figure, Akshobhyavajra Guhyasamja, Shri Hevajra, Mahamaya, Vajrayogini, Khasarpana Lokeshvara, and Ushnishavijaya. Descending on the right side are a seated white figure, Vajrabhairava, Chakrasamvara, Chaturpita, Nila Varahi, White Tara, and Sitatapatra.

In the bottom register, starting on the left side are a donor figure in layman attire, Vajra Nairatmya, Manjushri, Chaturbhuja Lokeshvara, Vajrapani, Yellow Jambhala, protector deity on a black horse, and Shri Devi.

Jeff Watt 4-2017

Choje Gangpa Rinchen Ozer (chos rje sgang pa rin chen 'od zer) was born in 1175, the wooden sheep year, in a place called Gyawa (gya ba). His father was a Nyingma practitioner, possibly a teacher, but his name is not known.

He took ordination and received the name Rinchen Ozer (rin chen 'od zer), although it is not recorded from whom. According to Drigung history, he became a disciple of Gurawa Tsultrim Dorje (gu ra ba tshul khrims rdo rje, 1154-1221), the second abbot of Drigung Til Monastery ('bri gung mthil). He also received teachings from Jikten Gonpo Rinchen Pel (jig rten mgon po rin chen dpal, 1143-1217), the founder of the monastery. He is also said to have studied with many of the other major Kagyu lamas of his day, including Taklungtangpa Tashi Pel (stag lung thang pa bkra shis dpal, 1142-1209), the First Karmapa, Dusum Khyenpa (karma pa 01 dus gsum mkhyen pa, 1110-1193), and Śākyaśrībhadra (1127-1225). He likely was a teacher to Zang Samlingpa (zang bsam gling pa, 1189-1260)

After his studies had come to an end, he went to White Flat Rock (pha bong dkar leb) in Jomo Gang (jo mo gangs) to meditate. He was said to have attained realization and then began to teach there.

He passed away at the age of seventy-five in 1249.

Evan Yerburgh is a translator and member of Esukhia. Published May 2015. Extracted from Treasury of Lives.

Related Items
Thematic Sets
Teachers: Early Paintings of Teachers (Indian Style)
Teacher: Taglung (Miscellaneous)
Teacher: Kuyalwa Rinchern Gonpo
Teachers: Early Teachers (Dual Figures)