|Origin Location||Eastern Tibet|
|Date Range||1700 - 1799|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment, Fine Gold Line on Cotton|
|Collection||Rubin Museum of Art|
|Catalogue #||acc.# F1997.40.6|
|Painting School||Palpung / Situ|
Manjushri-ghosha (Tibetan: jam pal yang. English: the Glorious One with a Melodious Voice) from the set of the 8 bodhisattva heart-sons of the Buddha Shakyamuni.
Peaceful and youthful in appearance, orange in colour like the rising sun, the right hand loosely extended across the knee holds the stem of a blue utpala flower blossoming above the shoulder supporting a blue upright sword of wisdom giving forth licks of flame from the tip. Cradled to the heart with the left hand is a folio text of the Prajnaparamita sutra. At the top of the head beneath a gemstone blazing with orange fire the blue hair is piled in a topknot, some falling loose across the shoulders, tied with golden flowers. A thin areola, reddish and ethereal, surrounds the head. Lightly adorned with gold earrings and a choker necklace, he wears a blue-green scarf and a lower garment with even-folds of red and pink covering the legs. In a relaxed posture of royal ease atop a large pink lotus blossom with lush green foliage rising on thin stems from a pond of blue rippling water below, he sits against an open background and vast clear sky.
"Possessing a youthful body and fully extending wisdoms lamp, you clear away the darkness of the three worlds; to you, Manjushri, I bow." (Sakya liturgical verse).
The bodhisattva of wisdom, Manjushri, first arises from the Sutrayana and secondly is a tutelary deity of the Vajrayana tradition. He is represented in all 4 tantra classes by a variety of forms, singular, complex mandalas and wrathful in appearance. The mandala of Dharmadhatu Vagishvara presents a broad display of appearances - peaceful and wrathful. From the same set see the bodhisattvas Vajrapani, Samantabhadra and Akashagarbha.
Jeff Watt 9-99
Painting Style: Eastern Tibet, Kham (Kham-ri)
Painting Set: Eight Great Bodhisattvas (Palpung)
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Painting Gallery III
Buddhist Deity: Manjushri Main Page
Iconography: Peaceful Appearance
Buddhist Deity: Manjushri (Non-iconic Forms)