|Date Range||1300 - 1399|
|Collection||Rubin Museum of Art|
Throne back (Tibetan: gyab yol) for the special figure of Nampar Gyalwa a form of Tonpa Shenrab, founder of the Bon religion. This throne back is different from others most notably because the lion at the bottom is eating a human figure and the winged-lion-horse (dragon) above is eating a naga serpent spirit. This throne back design can also be found on paintings the Four Transcendent Lords.
According to the text the animals should be a lion, dragon and sea monster. This is described in detail in the story of Nampar Gyalwa found in chapter 50 of the Ziji a twelve volume biography of Tonpa Shenrab.
Jeff Watt & Samten Karmey 12-2006
Bon Religion & Culture: Technical Glossary
Bon Deity: Nampar Gyalwa (Tonpa Shenrab) Main Page
Bon Sculpture Masterworks
Subject: Animal, Lion/Snow Lion
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Bon Artworks
Subject: Miscellaneous Objects
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Sculpture Gallery II
Subject: Animals Mythical and Real
Subject: Torana Main Page (Arch, Decorative Throne Back)