Himalayan Art Resources

Buddhist Deity: Achala (Types & Forms)

Achala (Types & Forms) | Achala Main Page

Types & Forms of Achala:
1. Kneeling, Blue (Sakya Tradition & Various)
2. Kneeling, White (Sakya & Jonang Traditions)
3. Standing, Solitary Form (Kadam Tradition)
4. Standing with 11 Deity Retinue (Mitra Yogin Tradition)
5. Chandamaharoshana with Consort & Retinue
6. Red, One Face & Six Arms, Embracing a Consort (Shakya Rakshita)
7. Blue with Four Faces & Four Arms (Sakya Tradition)
8. Black with Four Legs (Sakya Tradition)
9. Black with Three Faces & Six Arms, Eight Monkeys (Jetari Tradition)
10. Ten Wrathful Ones (Guhyasamaja, Hevajra, Chakrasamvara, etc.)
11. Others.....

Iconographic Compendiums:
- Rinjung Lhantab: Achala
- Others...

Iconographic Confusions:
- Black Manjushri (wrathful/standing)
- Black Hayagriva
- Others...

Jeff Watt 2-2003 [updated 9-2012, 12-2014, 4-2017]