Himalayan Art Resources

Subject: Charnel Grounds Study Guide

Charnel Grounds Page

Charnel Grounds
—- Study Guide Outline —-


Definition of Cemeteries/Charnel Grounds:
- corpse depositing
- burning corpses
- impure
- dangerous
- outcasts
- carnivorous animals
- ghosts & spirits

Literature:
- Tantra source texts:
--- shmashanalankara-tantraraja
--- The Glorious King of Tantras That Resolves All Secrets
- commentaries
- Tantric cycles

Numbers of Cemeteries (Charnel Grounds):
- eight great cemeteries
- sixteen cemeteries (Kalachakra)
- multiple lists
- geographic corresponding locations
- duplicate cemeteries
- components
- meaning & symbolism

Mahasiddha & Cemeteries:
- siddha & heruka appearance
- systems of siddhas & cemeteries
- no system
- artistic convention

Deities Related to Charnel Grounds:
- Shmashana Adhipati (Chitipati)
- Shadbhuja Mahakala (Shangpa Tradition)
- Drogdze Wangmo
- Krodha Kali
- Others...

Charnel Ground Ornaments:
- wrathful ornaments
- semi-peaceful semi-wrathful ornaments

Figurative Art & Cemeteries:
- wrathful deities/appearance
- semi-peaceful & semi-wrathful deities/appearance

Narrative Art & Cemeteries:
- life stories (Jataka & Avadana)
- Tibetan teachers
- others...

Diagrammatic Art & Cemeteries:
- mandala paintings
- cemeteries inside the mandala
- cemeteries outside the mandala
- kangdze offerings

Charnel Grounds & Religious Practice:
- ganapuja
- Severance (Cho)
- others...

Jeff Watt 9-2020