|Date Range||1800 - 1899|
|Lineages||Nyingma, Sakya and Jonang (Sakya)|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
|Collection||Rubin Museum of Art|
|Catalogue #||acc.# F1997.3.8|
Padmasambhava (Pema Jungne): dark blue in colour with the right hand upraised holding a gold vajra, the left placed at the heart supports a white skullcup with a katvanga staff in the bend of the elbow. Wearing a lotus hat and a tiger skin skirt, he stands in a threatening posture above a sun disc and multi-coloured lotus blossom. Retinue figures sit and stand in the foreground forming a half circle. Lineage teachers are arranged above with meditational deities to the sides and protectors below.
Immediately below the central blue form of Padmasambhava are eight seated blue figures, each with the right hand raised. These are the Eight India Vidyadharas visually deified and included in this meditation practice known as the Secret Guru Zilnon Tsal (gu ru gsang ba zil gnon rtsal).
Jeff Watt 11-2000