|Date Range||1700 - 1799|
|Lineages||Gelug and Buddhist|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton|
|Collection||Rubin Museum of Art|
Medicine Buddha Mandala. It is a common practice to replace the figure of Medicine Buddha at the center of the mandala and substitute either the figure of Prjanaparamita or to depict the Prajnaparamita text (see examples). (See Medicine Buddha Main Page).
Above the square mandala are eight red medallions containing the Eight Auspicious Symbols drawn in gold. The Seven Jewels of Royalty are also present with the the wishful-filling jewel at the middle left along with the general at the middle right. The minister, queen, wheel and elephant are located below the bottom of the mandala.
At the top center is a teacher wearing monastic dress and a yellow pandita hat. Slightly below to the left is Kutagara Vajrapani, wrathful in appearance, blue in colour. He holds upraised in his right hand a vajra scepter. In the left hand is a white skullcup.
To the lower right of the teacher is Shanglon Dorje Dudul, wrathful, holding a jewel in the right hand and a vase in the left. Shanglon is the special protector for the Four Medical Tantras of the Tibetan Tradition. Shanglon also has three different forms relating to Outer, Inner and Secret. The form depicted here is the Outer appearance and he is accompanied by four attendant deities: Yaksha Pancha, Jambhala, Mahakala and Vaishravana.
At the four corners of the mandala are the four attendant deities of Shanglon: upper left, Yaksha Pancha, red, with five faces, on the right, Norlha Karpo Jambhala, riding a horse, lower left side, Mahakala, maroon in colour, holding a stick, on the lower right Green Vaishravana, wearing a white garment.
Jeff Watt 1-2013