Himalayan Art Resources

Buddhist Deity: Simhamukha Religious Context

Simhamukha Main Page

Subjects, Topics & Types:
- Religious Context
- Simhamukha Outline Page
- Chakrasamvara
- Secondary Figures
- Related Deities
- Thirteen Golden Dharmas
- Three Padmasambhavas: Outer, Inner & Secret
- Animal Headed Deities
- Health, Healing & Longevity
- Meditational Deity Page
- Deities According to Function
- Colours & Activities
- Metaphor
- Source Texts
- Confusions
- Others...

Confusions:
There are other figures represented in art that also have a lion face, both male and female. These figures, in some cases, can also be called Simhamukha but are secondary figures in the retinue of a principal meditational deity or are worldly gods and deities. Most notably is the lion-faced attendant to Shri Devi, commonly depicted following the donkey or mule. There is also a lion-faced attendant in the fifty-eight wrathful deities of the Guhyagarbha Tantra.

Gelugpa Lineage: Vajradhara, Dakini Simhamukha, Vajrasana, Bari Lotsawa Rinchen Drag, Sachen Kunga Nyingpo (1092-1158) and the five Holy Superiors of Sakya, Rongpa Dorje Gyaltsen, Sanggye Yeshe, Yak De Panchen, Gyalwa Tsongkapa (1357-1419), etc.

Database Search: All Images | Painting | Sculpture

Jeff Watt 6-1998 [updated 10-2016, 4-2017, 2-2020]

(The images below are only a selection of examples from the links above).