|Date Range||1700 - 1799|
|Material||Ground Mineral Pigment, Fine Gold Line on Cotton|
|Collection||Rubin Museum of Art|
|Catalogue #||acc.# P1995.21.9|
|Painting School||Palpung / Situ|
"...Red Jambhala with three faces, six hands and four legs. The body is red in colour, like ruby, and blazing with light. Beautiful and desirous in appearance, slightly fierce and smiling. The main face is red - laughing, the right white and left blue. The first pair of hands hold a precious gem and a jewel filled skullcup. The middle two a hook and lasso. The lowest two each [hold] a mongoose spewing various jewels. The two right legs are bent and the two left slightly straight; pressing on the male and female lords of wealth. Adorned with the eight great snakes and various jewels and a garland of flowers and fluttering ribbons." (Terdag Lingpa Gyurme Dorje (1646-1714) and Min-ling Lochen Dharmashri 1654-1718. Tibetan source text 'dod 'jo bum bzang pp. 353-354).
With three faces, six hands and four legs the right face is white, left dark blue, each with three eyes. The three right hands hold a hook, jewel and a jewel spitting mongoose. The left hold a skullcup filled with jewels, lasso and a mongoose. Leaning to the right side, his four feet press down on two wealth yakshas (daemons of classical Indian mythology). In a slightly peaceful and slightly wrathful demeanor, plump and happy, adorned with opulent jewel ornaments, silk scarves and a long snake necklace he stands above a sun disc and lotus seat, surrounded by a large pink nimbus. The eight auspicious emblems, multi-coloured wishing jewels and bolts of fabric are arranged neatly in front. Abundant foliage to each side frames the central figure.
At the top center sits the buddha of long-life, Amitayus, red, with the two hands in the gesture of meditation cradling a long-life vase. To the left is White Jambhala with one face and two hands holding a jeweled stick and mongoose, riding a dragon; accompanied by four dakinis of various colours. To the right is the goddess Kurukulla, red, with one face and four hands holding a hook, lasso, bow and arrow; standing in a dancing posture above a corpse seat.
At the bottom left is Yellow Jambhala holding a bijapuraka fruit and a mongoose sitting with the consort yellow Vasudhara. To the right is Black Jambhala, naked, holding a skullcup and mongoose, in a standing posture. This form of Red Jambhala belongs to the Nyingmapa 'Terma' - Revealed Treasure Tradition and was discovered as an 'Earth Treasure' by Trapa Ngonshe Wangchug Bar (1012-1090). Written on yellow parchment paper, it was extracted from above the door of the central shrine at Samye Chokor Ling. This famous 'terton' (treasure finder) is also responsible for uncovering the 'Four Medical Tantras.'
Center: Red Jambhala of the Traba Ngonshe Tradition
Top center: Amitayus Buddha
Top left: White Jambhala of the Jowo Atisha Tradition
Top right: Kurukulla
Bottom left: Yellow Jambhala with Consort
Bottom right: Black Jambhala of the Shakyashri Bhadra Tradition
Jeff Watt 7-98
Subject: Deity Colours - Red (Powerful Activities)
Subject: Revealed Treasure (Sarma Based)
Buddhist Deity: Jambhala, Red (Traba Ngonshe)
Subject: Mongoose Symbolism
Buddhist Deity: Red Wrathful Appearance
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art: Painting Gallery 6
Tradition: Nyingma Deity Paintings
Buddhist Deity: Jambhala Main Page
Subject: Wealth Deities Main Page