Himalayan Art Resources

Item: Chakrasamvara (Buddhist Deity)

འཁོར་ལོ་བདེ་མཆོག། ནང་ལྷ། 勝樂金剛 (全图)
(item no. 65205)
Origin Location Tibet
Date Range 1200 - 1299
Lineages Kagyu, Drigung (Kagyu) and Buddhist
Size 60.33x60.66cm (23.75x23.88in)
Material Ground Mineral Pigment on Cotton
Collection Rubin Museum of Art
Catalogue # acc. #C2003.7.1
Notes about the Central Figure

Classification: Deity

Interpretation / Description

Chakrasamvara, Sahaja Heruka, with the footprints of Drigungpa Rinchen Pal on the right and left sides.

Tibetan: Khor lo dem chog

In the center of the composition is Chakrasamvara Sahaja Heruka, with one face and two hands, embracing the consort Vajravarahi, red in colour.

Descending vertically in the two outer registers are the Eight Great Siddhas. Beginning on the left are King Indrabhuti, with Virupa on one side and Lakshminkara on the other. Below that is Dombi Heruka riding atop a tiger with his consort. Below that is Saraha in a standing posture and holding a bow across the shoulders, accompanied by two consorts. Below that is Kukkuripa, holding a dog. Descending on the right are Nagarjuna seated on the right side of Shakyamuni Buddha with Atisha seated on the other side of the Buddha. All three are dressed in the robes of a monk. Below Nagarjuna is Luipa with both hands raised up and dressed in the attire of a mahasiddha. Below that is Padmavajra embracing a consort. Below that is Vajra Ghantapa, holding a vajra scepter and a bell.

In the top register, starting at the left corner, are Vajrasattva, Akshobhya Buddha, Vajradhara, Tilopa, Naropa, Pagmodrupa, Gampopa, Milarepa, Marpa, Shakyamuni Buddha, and Medicine Buddha.

In the second register, starting at the left, are Samaya Vajra, Gauri, Buddha Lochana, Mamaki and Samantabhadri. In the center of the row is Rinchen Drigungpa, the founder of the Drigung Kagyu School of Tibetan Buddhism. Following in the row are Mohavajra, Dveshavajra, Matsaryavajra, Ragavajra, and Irshyavajra. Each of the ten female deities have three faces and six hands, and hold various attributes.

In the bottom register starting at the left are Chaturbhuja Mahakala, seated, with four hands, Yellow Jambhala, Amrita Kundali, Hayagriva holding a stick, Vajrapani holding a vajra scepter, Achala holding a sword, Ganapati with an elephant head and four hands, and Shri Devi with one face and four hands, riding a donkey.

There are four paintings with the same general composition two of which appear to be one copied from the other. See paintings 58301, 65205, 81410 and 81411.

Jeff Watt 6-2006

Front of Painting
Special Features: (footprints)

Secondary Images
Related Items
Exhibition Appearances
Exhibition: Mirror of the Buddha

Thematic Sets
Buddhist Deity: Chakrasamvara, Heruka (Couple, Painting)
Collection: Christie's, Painting (March, 2003; NY)
Collection of RMA: Historically Important Works
Tradition: Kagyu Deity Paintings
Buddhist Deity: Chakrasamvara Main Page
Collection of Rubin Museum of Art (RMA): Main Page
Painting Style: Indian (Drigung Subjects)
Subject: Eight Siddhas In One Painting
Teacher: Jigten Sumgon Footprints
Teacher: Jigten Sumgon Main Page
Subject: Footprints & Handprints (Footprints Only)
Subject: Footprints & Handprints Main Page
Collection of RMA: Best of Collection 3
Subject: Footprints & Handprints Masterworks
Subject: Footprints & Handprints (Kagyu)
Buddhist Deity: Chakrasamvara, Heruka
Buddhist Deity: Chakrasamvara, Heruka (Masterworks)
Subject: Footprints (Chakrasamvara)
Tradition: Drigung Kagyu Main Page
Subject: Footprint Paintings (Early Works)